According to statistics, we can only search 4% of online content that is public; this is considered to be the Surface Web. Roughly 90% represent the Deep Web and 6% the Dark Web. To help you understand what these are and the risks to children, we’ve pulled together a quick summary of what you need to know.
It is part of the World Wide Web which is hidden from public view. The contents are not indexed by the usual search engines. It mainly consists of databases that can be made up of web mail and online banking, for example.
It is part of the World Wide Web that is only accessible through special software. The most commonly used software is called TOR (The Onion Router).
Tor was originally created by US military researchers to allow an exchange of information completely anonymously. They later released this into the public domain – creating white noise and hiding messages for security purposes.
To hide their identity
For criminal purposes
Unless you carry out unlawful acts, it is not illegal to use the dark web or Tor.
Lack of regulated content and users
CEOP – the Child Exploitation and Online Protection Command part of the National Crime Agency – will use the skills of its various experts to track illegal activity on the dark web, including forensic professionals and covert internet investigators, who will play a big role in this strategical push.
CEOP gets over 1,300 reports a month, most of which come from industry groups, such as the main internet service providers.
An annual review (2011-2012) showed that over 400 children had been safeguarded as a result of their activity. This also led to 192 suspects being arrested.
Remain calm and get the context
Have an open and honest conversation, as you would for the ‘open web’
Recognise the warning signs
Learn more about the Dark Web and how you can protect your child from the following sources.