As part of the Cybersurvey by Youthworks, over 6,000 young people answered questions on sexting, relationships and meetups. Among those young people aged 13+ who shared nude or explicit images, 18% said they were pressured or blackmailed into doing it.
What else does the Cybersurvey reveal?
Figures show that between the ages of 14 and 15 – the likelihood of a child sending an explicit image more than doubles. 4% of children aged 13 said they had sent explicit images of themselves, this rises to 7% aged 14 and at age 15 and over, this doubles to 1 in 6. (17%).
Boys are marginally more likely to share images (7%) versus girls (6%). Those who didn’t want to state their gender – 6% of the entire study- were the most likely (15%) to send explicit images
While too many children are blackmailed or pressured – 15% of 13-year-olds said they were pressured into sending the images – this rose to 17% of 14-year-olds and 23% of those aged over 15; figures also showed that many share because they want to.
The top reasons for engaging in sexting included: 38% who sent images because they were in a relationship and wanted to; 31% who tried it for fun; 27% who said it was because ‘I looked good’ and 19% who said ‘I wanted to see the reaction I got from the other person’.
Boys were most likely to deem it an ‘expected’ part of being in a relationship (35%) while girls said ‘I was in a relationship and I wanted to’ (41%).
Experiences of vulnerable children on sexting
The research also highlighted that young people who were already vulnerable offline were consistently more likely to have shared sexual images.
Those with mental health issues are nearly twice as likely to send explicit images (12%) compared to those with no issues (6%).
Children who experience a range of other vulnerabilities are also significantly more likely to send images including 23% of those who have an eating disorder, 20% of young people with a long-standing illness, 16% with hearing loss, 16% of those with autism and 15% who experience speech difficulties.
When it comes to the consequences of sexting, nearly 8 out of 10 children didn’t face any consequences after sharing images (78%), which may have led them to disbelieve traditional online safety advice.
However, for others, the consequences were devastating:
- One in six children (17%) had their image shared without their consent, 14% were bullied or harassed, while a further 14% were pressured or threatened to send more images.
- Children who shared images are five times more likely to come across explicit images they didn’t search for online (35%) compared to those who have never shared images (7%).
The positive impact of online safety conversations
Children who learnt about online safety from their parents or carers are less likely to share nude images: Only 39% of kids who shared images said they learnt about online safety from their parents or carers, This contrasted with 59% of those who didn’t share images.
Internet Matters CEO, Carolyn Bunting said: “For children who send images and face consequences, the effects can be devastating and can potentially lead to long-term damage to their emotional wellbeing.
And as society’s most vulnerable are disproportionately likely to send images, it’s crucial young people experiencing vulnerabilities are being fully supported by their parents who understand the pressures to send images that some of these children face.
Prevention is key here – so it’s essential that parents and carers tackle sexting head-on with their child – however awkward they may anticipate the conversation to be – as it’s key to keeping them both safe and emotionally healthy.”
Internet Matters ambassador and psychologist Dr Linda Papadopoulos added: “Young people may think ‘sending nudes’ is harmless, however, it’s essential we look at the reasons why children send explicit images and what purpose they feel it serves.
Is it because they consider it to be part of a relationship? “If so, what are their expectations of respect and relationships. “Is it for validation? If so, why is a child’s self-esteem based fully on their looks, where does their value lie?
Fundamentally children are sending images because ‘they want to’ and addressing the reasons why they want to – as part of a bigger conversation at home and with professionals will lower the chances of children facing potentially damaging consequences.”
Youthworks Director, Adrienne Katz said: “These teenagers have told us about their lived experience. It is time for a new approach that understands their motivations and the pressures to share images. Exploring healthy relationships and consent must be included in online safety education.
This report should also provide a wake-up call to teachers and professionals to see sexting is as a red-flag behaviour which triggers intervention and supportive conversations because we found that those who are sharing nude or explicit images, also encounter other high-risk situations online. We have to get better at providing relevant online safety education – in and out of school.”
Sexting advice from experts
Visit our sexting advice hub to learn how to address sexting with your child and read the full Look at me – teens, sexting, and risks report.