There is a lot of advice out there about how parents should handle their kids’ online lives. I have read articles advocating that parents should have every password for every one of their kid’s apps and check them often. I have seen people who advocate a completely hands-off approach. My philosophy lies in the middle: allow kids to develop independent lives but ensure we are helping educate and guide them to do so safely.
I often liken social media and technology to underage drinking. You can tell your kids not to drink before the legal age but there is a high likelihood they are going to do it anyway. The better bet is to teach them that if they are going to drink at a party, make sure they don’t drive and they also don’t drink so much that they lose control of what they are doing.
Lots of studies, and every teenager I have asked, reveals that when a parent has access to a kid’s passwords that child will create additional secret accounts which their parents do not know about. Imagine if your parents were reading through a diary you may have kept as a teen. Would you actually divulge your deepest secrets in there? On the other side, the lack of rules for new technology makes staying out of it completely potentially risky.
Teens use a lot of apps and the landscape is changing daily. My #1 recommendation is that you ask your kids to show you what they using and how they use them. This can be the starting point for any dialogue. Even if your kids use the same apps as you do, it may surprise you to learn that they use them in different ways. Have them show you examples of accounts they follow and ask what they like about them.
I also recommend a contract for any digital devices they use. This sets expectations on how and when they can interact online and gives them accountability on their choices.
So what types of things should you be worried about? I have divided most of the major apps in to 4 types below that will further help guide your discussion.
Apps with an audience
The social networks that cater to group-sharing include Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, Vine and even Snapchat. In all cases, people make posts for which they chose the audience. Friends and followers can show appreciation for the post by ‘liking’ or ‘favouriting’ it. YouTube, Vine and Twitter are typically always public. Most celebrity following is done here. Instagram and Facebook can be made private but almost every teen admits to having people in their closed circles that they don’t really know. Snapchat can be one-on-one or has a feature to post stories that anyone can see.
- Kids are looking for likes from others so to increase numbers, they may have friends/followers in private circles that they don’t really know.
- Even if you personally have an account on these networks, it does not mean you are privy to everything they post.
- Kids frequently over-share personal information because, when posting, they consider who would be interested in their post rather than who has access to it.
Private Chat Apps
These apps allow people to speak one-on-one or in small groups. Popular chat apps include WhatsApp, Kik and Facebook Messenger. Unless you want to overtly spy on your kids, you won’t know what they are doing in these apps.
- Apps like Kik assign a userID to each user. These IDs can be publicly discovered thus allowing strangers to contact your kids. Some kids don’t realize this and assume they know the person.
- From a privacy perspective, kids feel secure in what they send via these apps, but the services themselves have copies off all their data and photos.
A teen favourite and an adult nightmare. These site and apps allow kids to post anonymously which then becomes a breeding ground for bullying. Ask.fm users post public profiles which get anonymous comments. YikYak and After School are anonymous message boards based divided by schools. Omegle sets you up in chat rooms with strangers. For more information on all of these, visit this blog on the risk and allure of anonymous sites.
- There is lots of bullying by kids who think they are hiding behind anonymity.
- Kids over-share personal information because they think it can’t be tracked back to them (but in many cases they can be).
These apps appear on your kid’s device as something innocuous like a calculator, music player or even a repository for cat pictures. With the right set of keystrokes, the app ‘opens’ up and can house a trove of private files, chats and pictures.
- Short of doing a thorough comparison between all available decoy apps and what’s on your kid’s device, you will not know they have them.
Start by asking teens to show you what they use
Ask teens *how* they use the apps. It may surprise you
Guide them to limit post audiences and set privacy settings
Hopefully these guidelines can set you off on the right foot to finding common ground with your kids in this strange new world.